Lántas phonology


i u a ai au

There are three basic vowels /i a u/, diphthongs /ai au iə uə/, and syllabic consonants /m̩ n̩ r̩ l̩/. Neither of these last two sets have a length distinction, and have the same duration as a long vowel. Note that /u uː/ are substantially more central than /i iː/, and the initial place of /uə/ is further back than pure /uː/.

Long vowels, and syllabic consonants other than l, are spelt with a acute accent: í á ú ḿ ń ŕ. A syllabic l, because of its height, replaces the acute with a stroke: ł. The diphthongs are spelt ai au ia ua.


e o ɑː ɑ y ʉː ɛ ɔ ɔə ɑe


Where unspecified, consonants are spelt the same way as in IPA.

  Labial Dental Postalveolar Velar
Plosive /p b/ /t d/ /tʃ dʒ/ č ǧ /k ɡ/
Fricative /f/ /θ s/ ƶ, s /ʃ/ š /x/ h
Nasal /m/ /n/
Flap /ɾ/ r
Approximant /w/ /l/ /j/

The phonemes /p t tʃ k s ʃ m n ɾ l x/ can be geminated. For the purposes of syllable structure, geminated consonants are counted the same as two separate ones. Geminate versions of most consonants are spelt by doubling the letter: pp, tt, kk, etc.

In places I have forgotten to update, /θ/ might be written þ or ð.


Syllable structure

The allowed shape of a syllable is usually CV(C), where V is any vowel and C any consonant. Clusters take one of the following forms:

The exceptions to the normal pattern are that a vowel or syllabic consonant can also occur at the start of a word, or after another syllabic consonant (but not a proper vowel). At the end of a word, the consonants from K are allowed. A syllabic consonant cannot be next to the non-syllabic form of the same consonant—for example, the sequences /ll̩/ and /l̩l/ are not possible.


Words are stressed on the first long vowel, if there is one. If there are no long vowels, or the only one is in the final syllable of a multi-syllabic word, then the stress is on the first syllable. For the purposes of deciding stress placement, neither diphthongs nor syllabic consonants are counted as long.